Andrew Chamberlain started in his job four years ago at the job search company Glassdoor.com. At that time, he worked in a computer programming language called Stata. Then, another programming language called R was introduced. Then one called Python. Then PySpark. Chamberlin’s father has been a commercial printer for 30 years. Unlike his father, Chamberlin has had to continually learn new skills.
job search company: empresa de reclutamiento de personal; Stata: software estadístico; Python/PySpark: lenguajes de programación; printer: trabajador gráfico; unlike: a diferencia de; learn new skills: aprender nuevas habilidades;
Chamberlin is now the chief economist for Glassdoor.com. His job is one of the jobs of the future - what some are calling an ever-changing universe of work that requires employees to be critical thinkers and fast to adapt to the new environment.
chief economist: economista principal; what some are calling: lo que algunos definen como; ever-changing: en constante evolución; critical thinkers: analistas críticos, pensadores racionales; fast to adapt to: veloces para adaptarse a; the new environment: el nuevo entorno (de trabajo);
When companies hire new workers for entry-level jobs, they are not always looking for knowledge of, for example, a certain software. They might look for soft skills, like problem solving, effective communication and leadership. They also may want candidates who show a willingness to keep learning new skills.
hire: contratan; entry-level jobs: primeros empleos; looking for: buscando; knowledge: conocimiento; soft skills: habilidades elementales; leadership: liderazgo; willingness: buena disposición; to keep learning: a continuar aprendiendo;
Anthony Carnevale is the director of the Georgetown Center on Education and the Workforce in the United States. He said, “Students may believe that studying science, technology, engineering and mathematics, known as the STEM fields, will easily lead to a good first job.”
STEM fields: acrónimo derivado de Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics; will easily lead to a: conducirán fácilmente hacia un;
But, Carnevale said employers are telling colleges: You are producing engineers, but they do not have the skills we need.
are telling colleges: les están informando a las universidades; the skills we need: las habilidades que necesitamos;
finding gems: descubriendo joyas (empleados de excelencia);
Marie Artim is the vice president of talent acquisition for the car rental company Enterprise Holdings Inc. She looks for possible employees. Every year, she sets out to hire about 8,500 young people for a management training program. The task requires her to search college campuses across the country.
talent acquisition: reclutamiento de talentos; car rental company: empresa de arrendamiento de automóviles; sets out to hire: emprende viajes para contratar; management training program: programa de entrenamiento para la gestión de empresas; the task requires her: la tarea le exige a ella; to search college campuses: explorar campus universitarios; across the country: en todo el país;
Artim shared some observations about young people today. She said, millennial generation students are used to structured situations. In other words, decisions are made for them. The biggest deficit for this generation, she said, is making decisions by themselves.
shared: compartió; millennial generation: también llamada "Generation X" (los nacidos a principios de los años 80); are used to: están acostumbrados a; structured situations: situaciones estructuradas o sistemáticas; decisions are made for them: las decisiones son exactamente para ellos; the biggest deficit: la mayor carencia; making decisions by themselves: decidir por sí mismos;
To get students ready, some colleges, and even high schools, are working on building critical thinking skills. One example of this is at the private Westminster Schools in Atlanta, Georgia. For three weeks in January, students either get jobs or go on trips. The experience gives them a better sense of what they might do in the future.
to get students ready: para preparar a los estudiantes; working on building: dedicándose a desarrollar; critical thinking skills: habilidades de pensamiento critico o racional; for three weeks: durante tres semanas; either get jobs: o consiguen puestos de trabajo; or go on trips: o salen de viaje; a better sense: una mejor percepción; of what they might do: de lo que podrían hacer;
UNIVERSITY PLACES ATTENTION ON SKILLS.
places attention on skills: presta atención a las habilidades;
Texas State University in San Marcos offers a marketable-skills series of classes. The goal is to prepare students for job interviews. Companies are increasingly using case studies during job interviews. This means students need to answer hypothetical questions based on a common problem the employer faces. The idea is to show leadership skills in dealing with those problems.
a marketable-skillls series of classes: una serie de clases sobre destrezas productivas o comerciales; goal: objetivo; job interviews: entrevistas de trabajo; increasingly using: utilizando cada vez más; case studies: casos prácticos de estudio; need to answer: necesitan responder; hypothetical questions: preguntas hipotéticas; based on: basadas en; the employer faces: que el empleador enfrenta;
The career office at the university also places a lot of importance on interview skills. Today, that means teaching young people more than writing an effective resume and dressing well. They have to learn how to perform best on video and phone interviews. Also, they have to learn how to deal with new ways of being chosen for a job. Companies now use ideas like gamification or artificial intelligence bots in their recruiting process.
career office: el departamento de carreras; an effective resume: un curriculum eficaz; dressing well: estar muy presentables (bien vestidos); how to perform best: cómo actuar de la mejor forma; on video: mediante grabaciones de vídeo; how to deal with: cómo abordar; of being chosen: de ser seleccionados o elegidos; gamification: ludificación (uso de técnicas propias de los juegos en actividades no recreativas); bots: programas robot; recruiting process: proceso de reclutación;
Heidi Soltis-Berner is with Deloitte University. She said companies try to find people who balance technological knowledge and social skills. Soltis-Berner said she knows what business division young people find jobs in but does not know what they will be doing. "We build flexibility into that because we know each year there are new skills," she said.
who balance: que equilibren; technological knowledge: conocimiento tecnológico; what business division ... find jobs in: en qué sector de negocios ... encuentran trabajo (la preposición in debe traducirse al principio).
I'm Mario Ritter.